The Pyramid of the 5th dynasty king Unas (2375-2345 BCE), Saqqara, near Cairo in Egypt.
Discovered in this pyramid is our earliest evidence of pyramid texts, possibly the oldest known religious texts in the world.
The following is a translated segment from the pyramid texts of this pyramid, ‘Utterance 304’, Antechamber, North Wall:
The king climbs to the sky on a ladder
Hail, daughter of Anubis, above the hatches of heaven,
Comrade of Thoth, above the ladder’s rails,
Open Unas’s path, let Unas pass!
Hail, Ostrich on the Winding Water’s shore,
Open Unas’s path, let Unas pass!
Hail, four-horned Bull of Re,
Your horn in the west, your horn in the east,
Your southern horn, your northern horn:
Bend your western horn for Unas, let Unas pass!
"Are you a pure westerner?" [The bull questions the king]
"I come from Hawk City." [Perhaps the royal residence is meant]
Hail Field of Offerings,
Hail to the herbs within you!
"Welcome is the pure to me!" [The Field’s reply to the king’s greeting]
-Ancient Egyptian Literature Volume I: The Old and Middle Kingdoms, M. Lichtheim.
Photo courtesy & taken by Hannah Pethen.
DO YOU GUYS REMEMBER THIS HOMELESS MAN GAGA GAVE A ROSE NOT LONG AGO WHEN SHE WAS IN LA LIKE 2-3 MONTHS AGO?
OKAY WELL YESTERDAY HE GAVE HER A ROSE BACK OMG
Here you go Gaga. Turns out as a homeless man, I have little use for a rose. You can have it back.
Corn dogs. hot dogs. all of the dog foods.
lost in translation had such beautiful cinematography
That’s probably the biggest reason I can’t not watch it when its on. Like a moth to the flame. Also, it has such beautiful Bill Murray.
he didn’t take the hint
The Royal Game of Ur. From Ur, southern Iraq, about 2600-2400 BC.
One of the most popular games of the ancient world
This game board is one of several with a similar layout found by Leonard Woolley in the Royal Cemetery at Ur. The wood had decayed but the inlay of shell, red limestone and lapis lazuli survived in position so that the original shape could be restored. The board has twenty squares made of shell: Five squares each have flower rosettes, ‘eyes’, and circled dots. The remaining five squares have various designs of five dots. According to references in ancient documents, two players competed to race their pieces from one end of the board to another. Pieces were allowed on to the board at the beginning only with specific throws of the dice. We also know that rosette spaces were lucky.
The gaming pieces for this particular board do not survive. However, some sets of gaming pieces of inlaid shale and shell were excavated at Ur with their boards. The boards appear to have been hollow with the pieces stored inside. Dice, either stick dice or tetrahedral in shape, were also found.
Examples of this ‘Game of Twenty Squares’ date from about 3000 BC to the first millennium AD and are found widely from the eastern Mediterranean and Egypt to India. A version of the Mesopotamian game survived within the Jewish community at Cochin, South India until modern times. (x)
Also: if you’re interesting in seeing how this game works, the British Museum have set up a site where you can play it online (it does require Shockwave to run though).
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